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北京红螺寺
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北京红螺寺

      1236857206208.jpg红螺寺景区位于北京怀柔城北4公里,据北京市区55公里。景区总面积800公顷,现为“国家4A级景区”。深厚的历史积淀和文化浸润,奇妙的地理环境和气候条件,成就了红螺山红螺寺为一方完美殊胜、绝尘脱俗的“净土佛国”。
      红螺寺始建于东晋咸康四年(公元338年),为十方常住寺,是我国北方佛教发祥地和最大的佛教丛林,千余年来在佛教界中享有极高的地位。我国净土宗的最后两代祖师均与本寺有缘,世有“南有普陀,北有红螺”之说。
      千年古寺山水环绕依山而建,北倚雄伟的红螺山,南照秀美的红螺湖,寺庙周边林壑荫蔽,古树参天,藏风聚气,为一方风水宝地。“红螺三绝景”——御竹林、雌雄银杏、紫藤寄松远近闻名,百万杆翠竹与千亩古松林环拥着整个寺院,形成了一幅“碧波藏古刹”的优美画卷。山川灵气,造就了这里“独占地里风水之妙,独具自然环境之美”的佛家苑林景观。红螺寺景区现已形成了红螺寺、观音寺、五百罗汉园三个佛教文化区和红螺山、青龙山两个自然观景区“一日游”的观光格局,构成了“春看花、夏避暑、秋观叶、冬赏岁寒三友”的观光特色。游人在这里既可以走进古刹,瞻仰庄严佛仪,焚香顶礼,参悟自身心性,祛除诸多烦恼获得平静的愉悦,也可以漫步林间小憩松下或登高望远临风高歌,尽情领略感悟休闲的乐趣。

 Hongluo Temple scenic spot covers an area of 8 square kilometers integrating the natural landscape with manmade features. It consists of two part: two scenic spots and three Buddhist areas.
    Two scenic spots refer to Hongluo Hill at the back of Hongluo Temple and Qinglong Hill to the east. Hongluo Hill, the natural barrier of the temple, has two peaks with an altitude of 813 meters. In spring you can enjoy bright-colored pediments and in autumn you can enjoy the red leaves all over the hill. In Qinglong Hill scenic spot there are maily ancient pines which boast an area of more than 1700 mu. Among which there are more than 10,000 ancient trees over 100 years old. It is one of the most important ancient trees group 1236857206208.jpgin Beijing. There are stone carvings of twelve annual animal signs and over 100 sets of stone tables and stone stools for tourists to have a rest in the ancient pinewoods. There the air is clear and fresh and the environment is quiet and tasteful. The air has a very high anion content. The gas emitted from the pines is good for people’s health. A saying goes around among the local people: If you stroll in the Arhat Valley once, all your disease will be removed. It is a good destination for tourists to keep healthy and relax themselves.
    Three Buddhist areas refers to Hongluo Temple , Boddhisattva Guanyin Temple and 500- Arhat Statues Garden. Hongluo Temple has a history of more than 1600 years. The temple was built at the foot of the mountain, facing to the south. Most buildings were built during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. There is a main hall built in 3 tiers (The Hall of Heavenly Guardians, Grand20090608144443218.jpg Bodhisattva Hall, There Sages Hall) and four side halls in the east and west.(Faith Hall, Thousand-armed Goddess of Mercy Hall, Yaoshi Hall, Damo Hall) Buddhisattva Guanyin Hall is located on the halfway up the mountain. It takes half an hour to get there along the path for the climbers. There are the Gate Hall, Boddhisattva Guanyin Hall, Five-hundred-arhat garden, covering an area of 20 mu, is located in the ancient pinewoods of Archat Valley east of the temple. The stone statue of Maitreya is the center of the five-hundred-arhat garden. The archats are carved out of life-size bluestones. Each archat has different lifelike expressions.
    Hongluo Temple has relatively good tourist facilities. The Bamboo Fragrant Restaurant and the restautrant in Hongluo Hill Resort can accommodate a banquet over 500 guests. Hongluo Hill Resort located in the pinewoods, with the architecture of siheyuan(compond with houses around courtyard) and Japanese style log cabin. There are over 200 beds of different grade, a gymnasium , a Karaoke lounge and conference rooms. In the morning, you can stroll in the pinewoods breathing in fresh air and fully enjoying the relaxation, comfort and romance far from the city.

 

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导游图

    山门前的这片竹林为元代云山禅师所栽植,距今已有600多年的历史。据《怀柔县志》记载:清康熙32年(公元1694年)圣驾红螺寺降香,看到这片翠绿的竹林倍感新奇,即令身边的官员清点竹子的数量为613株,临走前叮嘱寺内的僧人和当地的官员要对竹林善加保护,以便他常来观赏,后来人们就称这片竹林为“御竹林”。在竹林西北角还有一个照原样恢复的“观竹亭”,当年清康熙帝就曾在原亭内设御座赏竹。红螺寺竹林四季常青长势茂盛,有竹约百万株,被称为“红螺三绝景”之一。
    我国竹的种类繁多,约250余种,红螺寺的竹子为黄槽京竹,俗称玉镶金(竹子整体为绿色,沟槽为黄色,称玉镶金,反之称金镶玉)。竹是禾木科多年生植物,中空有节常绿,古人将竹子人格化比喻为“君子”,正所谓“未曾出土先有节,即使凌云也虚心。” 苏东坡诗云:“宁可食无肉,不可居无竹;无肉使人瘦,无竹使人俗”。红螺寺这片北方四季常绿的竹林已成为景区的一大雅景。

 

 

    在大雄宝殿后三圣殿前的院落西侧,是“红螺三绝景”之一的紫藤寄松。这景是一棵平顶松和两口藤萝构成,这棵平顶松高约6米,枝分九杈,把它有力的臂膀平行的伸向了四面八方,而两棵碗口粗的藤萝又如龙盘玉柱一样爬满了整个枝头,为这棵松树增添了媚妩之感,而且松藤并茂形成了一把天然的巨伞,遮荫面积近300平米。每年5月初,满架的藤萝花就象一串串的紫玛瑙坠满整个枝头,如一片紫色的祥云浮在殿宇之间,浓郁的花香飘满整个寺院。古时候每年花季,本寺的住持,就会邀请京城附近寺院的住持长老、名人雅士来红螺寺,坐在树下赏花论道。元代《红螺山大明寺碑中》就有这样的记载:“微风夜听金锒铛,诸天卫法藤萝旁”,此景至少已有800多年的历史了。俗话说:“藤缠松,松难生”,而红螺寺中的松藤却和睦相处了800多年,藤不离松,松不辞藤,相亲如初,所以它被称为“红螺寺三绝景”之一。

 
弥勒佛
    弥勒菩萨——名叫“阿逸多”,南天竺人,弥勒是他的姓,有慈悲的意思,意为无能胜。佛经上说,再过800余万年以后,世界轮回,弥勒菩萨由兜率天下生到此世界成佛。我们习惯称弥勒佛,照《佛经》上所说的时间推算,目前弥勒还没有成佛,仍然是菩萨的果位,实际上弥勒佛是未来佛。
    现在中国寺院中奉安的弥勒像,是以我国五代时期浙江奉化的苦行僧布袋和尚作为弥勒的化身形象塑造的。布袋和尚身躯肥满,常背着一个大布袋在街市上行乞,乞得之物一律投入袋中,所以人称之为布袋和尚。布袋和尚面相喜悦,笑口常开,在行乞之中相机教化民众,深得人们的喜爱和信仰,认为他就是弥勒的现世化身。中国寺院中在第一重殿内奉安他的形象,作为接引菩萨,意在告诉人们:礼佛、信佛、修佛是神圣的,也是快乐的事情。“大肚能容,容天下难容之事。开口便笑,笑世上可笑之人”这幅对联是对弥勒菩萨最真实的写照。四大天王属于佛教二十诸天护法神,即东方持国天王、南方增长天王、西方广目天王、北方多闻天王。四天王各具神力,各持不同法器,各镇护一方天下。佛教传入中国后,四大天王也同样不可避免的中国化了,他们的盔甲,法器出现变化,并赋予了“风调雨顺”之职,成为中国百姓祈望五谷丰登、天下太平的精神寄托。 

 


   

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